It is important to have regular examinations from a qualified optometrist to ensure optimal eye health no matter your age, but increasingly critical as you get older, since vision can also change over the years.
Why Should Seniors
Undergo Eye Examinations?
Seniors are at a higher risk for a number of eye conditions and diseases that can heavily impact sight, such as:
- Cataracts: The leading cause of blindness worldwide, this is distorted or cloudy vision caused by the lens inside the eye losing its transparency over time. Cataracts are largely due to aging and are most often found in people over the age of 60. They develop slowly over many years, and can require glasses, new prescriptions, or surgical removal.
- Glaucoma: The second leading cause of blindness around the world, it often has no symptoms until significant damage has occurred, which is why it is important to catch it early. Glaucoma can be caused by elevated pressure within the eye, and can lead to serious vision loss. Complete blindness may occur. It can be controlled with daily eye drops and laser eye surgery.
- Age-related macular degeneration (AMD): High-risk groups for AMD include smokers and people who have had extensive UV exposure. There are two different types of AMD: dry and wet. Dry AMD can be treated with ocular vitamin supplementation and with lifestyle modifications, and wet AMD can be treated with medications injected into the eye.
Approximately 1 in 3 people have some form
of vision-reducing eye disease by age 65
How Often Should Seniors Have
Their Eyes Examined?
At age 65 and beyond, it is recommended that you have an eye exam at least once a year.
How Can Seniors
Protect Their Vision?
Seniors can follow these steps to help protect their vision:
- Wear sunglasses, even in the winter.
- Keep the lighting similar in every room.
- Speak with your optometrist about multifocal lenses.
- Give overexerted eyes a break.
- Live a healthier lifestyle.
- Keep blood sugar and pressure in check.
- Stay away from smoke.
- Visit your eye doctor regularly.